Tours in Wales 1810 - Thomas Pennant
Pwllheli, the best town in this country, and the magazine of good which supplies all this tract. It lies close on the shore, and has a tolerable harbour for vessels of about sixty tons.
The entrance is by a high rock called the Gimlet, a mile from land, to which it is joined by a range of sand-hills. This place was made a free borough by the Black Prince, by charter, dated the 12th ; year of his principality, at Caernarvon, in compliment to Nigel de Loryng or Lohareyn, one of the gentlemen of his bedchamber, on whom he had bestowed Pwllheli and Nefyn, in consideration of his great service in Gascony, and particularly at the battle of Poitiers. He entitles him to Servitiis : quorumcunque tenentium tam liberorum quam nativorum; by which it may be presumed that he did not include the Welsh in the privileges. What those were I do not learn; but they were the same which the burgesses of Rosfair in Anglesey enjoyed: and for them Pwllheli was to pay to Nigel fourteen pounds a year, and Nefyn thirty-two.
This borough and Nefyn he freely bestowed on him, with all its appertenances, together with four librates of land, towards the repair of his manors; and for all these he was only to pay an acknowledgement of a rose, in lieu of all services. If he died without issue, the whole was to revert to the crown. Edward III. afterwards confirmed these grants at Sandwich.
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